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Title: The Middle Eastern influence on the development of religious and political thought in Malay society, 1880-1940
Author: Othman, Mohammad Redzuan
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1995
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The religious and political influence of the Middle East in Malay society is the subject of this study which explores its development and impact for the period 1880-1940, with three Muslim centres in the Middle East, namely Hijaz, Egypt and Turkey, being the major focus. The influence of Hijaz evolved particularly with regard to the conduct of the Hajj and its role as a nucleus for early Malay Islamic education, while the influence of Egypt includes literary and political thought, in addition to religion. The first two, Masjid al-Harām and al-Azhar University, apart from being important educational centres, also influenced Malay religious thought through the authority exerted by their culamā. In the case of Turkey whose contact with the Malay World dated back to the golden age of the Ottoman Empire, its influence nurtured early Malay Islamic political thought. The success of Kemal in establishing the modern Turkish republic was enthusiastically followed and it influenced to some extent the social thought of the Malays. The Malay perception of the Middle East and its influence in Malaya were disseminated, particularly in the 1920s and 1930s, by journals and religious schools, founded by those who had graduated from there or who had sentimental links with the region. This study also elaborates on the role played by the Arabs, the Middle Eastern element in Malay society, in bringing about the process of social change. The British response to the Middle Eastern influence on the Malays is also examined by this work, due to the fact that they were the colonial masters of Malaya, who also exerted a considerable influence in the Middle East. The historical background of the influence is also briefly surveyed with regard to the Islamisation of the Malays and their early contact with the Middle East.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available