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Title: The interaction between park management and the activities of local people around National Parks in Minas Gerais, Brazil
Author: Oliveira, Lyria Chaves de Andrade
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1999
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In each National Park different forms of land use were studied: in the National Park of Caparao the villages of Alto Caparao, Santa Marta and Pedra Roxa, and in the National Park of Grande Sertao Veredas, the villages of Chapada Gaucha, Vereda Santa Rita, Carinhanha, Barbatimao, Galdino and Rio Preto and Batista were selected for detailed studies. By the use of a semi structured questionnaire it was possible to identify four basic categories of rural producers: peasants, family farmers, rural producers with medium levels of income, and rural producers with high levels of income. In total, 86 farmers were interviewed and their relationships with the Park were examined. The issues that the farmers considered to be significant included the manner in which the National Park was created, questions of land exploitation, and their views concerning problems of land tenure, the use of fire by small scale farmers, the possible benefits of having an adjacent Park and problems concerning environmental protection. The research analyses the way in which National Parks in Minas Gerais were established and the subsequent forms of land tenure which form the key social issues for the neighbouring communities. Of particular importance is the lack of compensation for farmers where the Parks are insufficiently protected against excess grazing, the incursions of subsistence agriculture, fire incidence, illegal extractions, and animal invasions. A policy is necessary, taking account of the socio-economic context. Specific programmes need to be developed to allow the local population to be integrated into the National Park context; such programmes need to find ways of sustaining the livelihoods of local people whilst protecting the historic heritage afforded by the creation of the Parks.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available