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Title: Time budgeting in stalled horses
Author: Ogilvie-Graham, T. S.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1994
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This study was designed to record the behaviour of stabled horses from the Household Cavalry over an extended period. Eighty horses were observed using infra-red time-lapse video for between 48 and 72 hours each, over 2 years, under similar management conditions, and in total 5424 hours of data was collected. All the horses were kept in stalls at either Hyde Park or Windsor barracks and continued with their normal duties throughout observation periods. The horses were found to spend 36.3% of their time feeding and 1.01% drinking. The horses were alert in their stables for 7.5% of their time, non-alert for 63.03%, resting for 10.89% and sleeping for 2.33%. The horses stood for 57.92% of their time in stalls, with 18.67% of the time leg-resting and 6.17% lying. The horses were exercised for 4.92% of the 24-hour period and spent 2.54% of their time moving within the stalls. They interacted for 2.04% of their time and spent 2.12% of their time in abnormal behaviour (0.69% being spent in stereotypic behaviour). Analyses of variance showed no significant differences (i.e. p>0.05) in behaviour resulting from factors such as age, time spent in barracks, type of horse or height. Sleeping was affected by gender (p = 0.0089), with females spending considerably more time sleeping than males. The percentage time spent eating was less than for feral horses or stabled horses fed hay ad libitum, but was comparable with other studies on stabled or enclosed horses on a restricted hay diet. The horses spent less time resting, and more time alert, than free-ranging horses, possibly owing to the different sensory stimulation associated with their environment. This may also be a factor in producing the low level of abnormal activity recorded and the relatively low time spent sleeping.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.V.M.S.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available