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Title: The use of O-(diphenylphosphinyl)hydroxylamines and nitrogen-selenium ylides in transition-metal-free aminations of sp2 carbon centres
Author: Milner, Harry
ISNI:       0000 0004 5361 4532
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2015
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Due to their abundance in both natural products and synthetic pharmaceuticals, and their diverse and interesting biological properties, nitrogen containing compounds are of great importance to organic chemists. As such, synthetic methodology for the incorporation of nitrogen into organic compounds via the construction of C-N bonds is highly sought after. The research described in this thesis concerns the development of three methodologies for the synthesis of small nitrogen containing compounds via the amination of carbon sp2 centres: 1) Synthesis of N-Boc-aziridines Building upon recent reported methodology utilising O-(diphenylphosphinyl) hydroxylamine (DppONH2) as a nitrogen source for NH-aziridinations, studies were undertaken into the use of N-Boc-O-(diphenylphosphinyl) hydroxylamine (DppONHBoc) in the synthesis of N- Boc-aziridines. Described herein are studies into the use of DppONHBoc as a nucleophilic nitrogen transfer agent (NNTA) for the aziridination of enones and vinyl sulfones under mildly basic conditions. 2) Amination of aromatic C-H centres The use of a N-methyl morpholine (NMM)-derived aminimine as an aminating agent in the vicarious nucleophilic amination (VNA) of electron-deficient (hetero)arenes is also reported. Initial studies which used iodide hydrazinium salts as aminimines precursors in the amination of a range of electron-deficient substrates are described. An alternative reaction system utilising the in situ formation of NMM/DppONH2 hydrazinium salts, in-place of preformed hydrazinium salts, in the vicarious nucleophilic amination reaction was then developed. 3) Synthesis of enantioenriched allylic amines Finally, the NCS-meditated amination/[2,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement of enantioenriched allylic selenides, utilising a range of amino acid derived and aryl amine nucleophiles, is used to access a wide range of novel vinyl glycine derived unnatural peptides and peptidomimetic products.
Supervisor: Armstrong, Alan Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council ; GlaxoSmithKline
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available