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Title: The development of a human rights culture in Vietnam, 1986 to present
Author: Truong, Hai Hong
Awarding Body: University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2009
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This thesis is designed to address the topic: 'The development of a human rights culture in Vietnam, 1986 to present'. In the period 1945 - 1986, the liberal theory of human rights, which gives priority to the values of individualism, universalism, human rights against state, and civil and political rights, was rejected. Instead, the socialist theory of human rights, which emphasises the values of collectivism, relativism, human rights through the state, and economic, social and cultural rights, had gradually developed through the 1946, 1960 and 1980 Constitutions. The 1980 Constitution was the one which fully incorporated the concept of socialist human rights. After 1986 reform policy (doi moi policy), the liberal culture of human rights has gradually gained ground as the result of both domestic and international factors, the respective nature and force of which are explored. Increased legislation has promised legal support for constitutionally guaranteed and extended individual rights. Vietnam's most dramatic legal reform was the adoption the 1992 Constitution, following which the pace of reform has increased. Two rights (the rights to property and the right to a fair trial) were selected for examination because they are two most important rights. From the findings of indepth investigation of advancement of these two rights, there is little doubt that Vietnam has been seeking to grant by law these selected rights. The emergence of liberal culture of these rights has geen established and become more dominant. However, advancemenets on paper may not be matched by the practice of officials, and so this thesis undertakes qualitative fieldwork to gauge the attitudes of officials to the recent changes. Although there have been the initial achievements and positive signals both on paper and in reality, it is difficult to draw a conclusion that a human rights culture with the liberal nature, in which all universally recognised rights are highly respected and protected among all individuals of the Vietnamese society, has prevailed. Vietnam still fails to meet some elements of international human rights standards. A more reasonable conclusion for this thesis is that there is a hybrid human rights culture in Vietnam in the transitional phase which mixes successes and failures, and the liberal and socialist values.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available