Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Portion sizes and dietary assessment methods for South Asian children
Author: Ashkanani, Fatemah
Awarding Body: University of Leeds
Current Institution: University of Leeds
Date of Award: 2013
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
The South Asian population is the largest minority ethnic . group in the UK. Their diet and food habits depend on their geographical origin, but they can change after migration due to acculturation. It has been observed that South Asians have a higher risk of diet related diseases than white Caucasians. Another observation is that diet during childhood affects health outcomes in adulthood. The main aim of this thesis is to develop and validate dietary assessment methods adapted to South Asian children aged 4-11 years living in the UK and to test the hypothesis that their diets and food habits are influenced by both their original and adopted cultures. Food portion photographs were developed and tested. Following this, detailed dietary information was collected from mothers of South Asian children aged 4-11 years through completion of a food habit questionnaire (n=190) and three multiple pass 24-hour recalls (n=150, total 450 interviews). A verage portion sizes of commonly consumed foods were calculated. The results showed that South Asian Food Portion Photographic Atlas can be used to improve the accuracy of portion estimation of South Asian mothers. South Asian children tended to consume mainstream foods as part of their breakfast, snacks and lunch, while more traditional foods were eaten as part of their afternoon snack and dinner. Some significant differences were found in median portion sizes by ethnicity, religion, gender and age group. The energy intake was close to the UK's EAR, whereas most of the vitamins and minerals obtained exceeded the UK's RNIs. Furthermore, they had a significantly lower intake of vitamin D when compared with WHO recommendations. It is recommended that longitudinal studies are undertaken in order to establish ethnic-specific requirements for this group.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available