Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.658690
Title: Complex mechanical conditioning of cell-seeded constructs can influence chondrocyte activity
Author: Di Federico, Erica
ISNI:       0000 0004 5355 3645
Awarding Body: Queen Mary, University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
Articular cartilage represents a primary target for tissue engineering strategies as it does not functionally regenerate within the joint. Many tissue engineering approaches have focused on the in vitro generation of neo-cartilage using chondrocyte-seeded scaffolds. Several studies have reported the morphological appearance of native cartilage, although its functional competence has not been demonstrated. Accordingly, mechanical conditioning has often been introduced to enhance biosynthetic activity of chondrocytes within 3D constructs. However although this strategy has significantly up-regulated proteoglycan synthesis, its effects on the synthesis of the other major solid constituent, type II collagen, has been modest. Analyses of normal joint activities reveal that cartilage is subjected to shear superimposed on uniaxial compression. This complex mechanical state has motivated the design of a biaxial loading system intended for use in vitro to stimulated bovine chondrocytes seeded in agarose constructs. This necessitated the redesign of the construct from cylindrical morphology to accommodate shear loading. The experimental approach was complemented with the development of computational models, which permitted prediction of both cell distortion under biaxial loading regimens and nutrient diffusion within the 3D constructs. An initial study established the profile of proteoglycan and collagen synthesis in free swelling cultures up to day 12. The introduction of dynamic compression (15% strain, 1 Hz for 48 h) enhanced proteoglycan synthesis significantly. In addition, when dynamic shear (10%, 1 Hz) was superimposed on dynamic compression, total collagen synthesis was also up-regulated, within 3 days of culture, without compromising proteoglycan synthesis. Histological analysis revealed marked collagen deposition around individual chondrocytes. However, a significant proportion (50%) of collagen was released into the culture medium, suggesting that it was not fully processed. The overall biosynthetic activity was enhanced more when the biaxial stimulation was applied in a continuous mode as opposed to intermittent loading. The present work offers the potential for a more effective preconditioning of cell-seeded constructs with functional integrity intended for use to resolve defects in joint cartilage.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.658690  DOI: Not available
Keywords: articular cartilage ; mechanical loading systems ; chondrocyte seeded scaffolds ; tissue engineered cartilage repair
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