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Title: Essays in the economics of education
Author: Britton, Jack William
ISNI:       0000 0004 5355 0065
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2014
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This PhD thesis consists of three independently written chapters. The first investigates the effect of centralised pay regulation of teachers on school performance, finding schools add less value to their pupils in areas where teachers' outside options are higher. The second chapter uses a discrete choice dynamic model to investigate the effect of a severe budget cut to a conditional cash transfer programme in England that paid young people from low-income households to attend post-compulsory schooling. The structural estimate of the effect on participation is found to be similar to reduced-form equivalent comparing England with the rest of the UK. The structural approach has the advantage of further counterfactual policy analysis, from which a policy alternative of removing the over-16 element of the Child Benefit is highlighted as a potentially superior alternative. Finally, the third chapter tests a new approximation technique for estimating large discrete choice dynamic models. The new technique is found to perform well compared to the incumbent technique that is most commonly applied in the literature and is shown to potentially be considerably faster.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available