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Title: What factors assist clinicians to determine dying in an acute setting?
Author: Dee, Joan Frances Melville
ISNI:       0000 0004 5353 7960
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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Background: The End of Life Care Strategy stated that there should be a reduction of expected deaths in the acute setting. In order to achieve this goal, when it has been identified that where the patient's preferred place of care is home, clinicians need to be able to recognise when a patient is dying in order to achieve their preferred place of death. The aims of this study were to identify any factors that help or hinder a clinician when they are determining when irreversible dying begins and to seek consensus on which of these topics would be useful to include in an education programme. Method: A 3 stage mixed methods study was developed. Phase 1was a Systematic Review of current primary research in order to provide an evidence base for the study. Phase 2 involved unstructured interviews with clinicians in the acute setting utilising the Grounded Theory approach to the analysis identify potential factors. Phase 3 was a Delphi study used to identify which of these factors would be useful in an education programme. Conclusions: The Systematic Review identified four themes "Patient Observation", "Knowledge of the Patient", "Communication" and "Attitudes of the Clinician". These were confirmed by the interviews and a further theme "Experience" identified. The over-arching theme emerging from the findings of the interviews was that clinicians have a fear of getting the timing of the recognition of irreversible dying wrong because the decision making process is so complex and this is exacerbated by fear of missing the treatable. Many factors identified in the interviews were acknowledged as factors that could be included in an education package. It was also identified that there is the need for a culture shift in society regarding death and dying and a change in the philosophy of care for health care professionals.
Supervisor: Wee, Bee; Endacott, Ruth Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Palliative care ; dying ; end of life ; terminal ; fultility ; palliative