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Title: 'Where Nature borrows dress from Vanbrook's Art' - Sir John Vanbrugh as landscape architect
Author: Dalton , Caroline
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2009
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In Letter to an Unknown Prelate of about 1560 Michelangelo wrote of architecture: 'He that hath not mastered, or doth not master the human figure, and in especial its anatomy, may never comprehend it' . His statement demonstrates the importance to Renaissance architecture of both geometrical forms based upon human proportion, founded on the work of the Roman Marcus Vitruvius Pollio (known as Vitruvius), and of a humanist aesthetic. During the English Enlightenment at the end of the seventeenth century a revival of classical science, literature and philosophy was again associated with a humanist discourse. Sir John Vanbrugh (1664-1726) was the architect of many notable buildings of the early eighteenth century including Castle Howard in Yorkshire and Blenheim in Oxfordshire. His work as a landscape architect has, however, been neglected. This thesis argues that the landscapes surrounding most ofVanbrugh's buildings were also of his conception, and that his dramatic military gardens have concealed his synthesis of Vitruvian rules with an innate understanding of site and topography, which was strongly influenced by the writings of the Renaissance architects Leon Battista Alberti and Andrea Palladio. This theory and its consequent impact on the later work of Charles Bridgeman, is examined through the evaluation of research findings on all of the estates with which Vanbrugh was associated
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available