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Title: The effect of a mindfulness-based stress reduction programme on adjustment to breast cancer
Author: Meiklejon, Lesley J.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2008
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Programme (MBSR) on psychological adjustment to breast cancer. It was hypothesised that engagement in the MBSR intervention would lead to more adaptive coping strategies and increase mindfulness relative to controls. It was also hypothesised that the MBSR intervention would be associated with lower levels of distress. A sample of 59 breast cancer patients were randomly assigned to either an MBSR group or a waiting list control group. The MBSER intervention consisted of six weekly group sessions, each of ninety minutes duration, together with home based practice. Participants completed the measures of mindfulness (Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale), coping strategies (Mental Adjustment to Cancer and Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced scales) and distress (Profile of Mood States) at baseline, post-intervention and at three months follow-up. The MBSR group demonstrated significant reductions in distress scores, post-intervention relative to the control group. These reductions in distress were evident on all of the subscales (tension, depression, anger, vigour, fatigue and confusion). Improvements in the MBSR group’s distress scores continued beyond the intervention, with lower levels of distress observed at follow-up than post-intervention. The MBSR group also demonstrated significant improvements in mindfulness scores compared to the control group. There were also no significant differences between the MBSR and control groups on any of the measures of coping strategy. The MBSR intervention appeared effective in decreasing distress and increasing mindfulness. These improvements continued beyond the intervention, suggesting that they were incorporated into individuals’ lifestyles rather than a temporary effect on the intervention.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available