Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.657534
Title: Natural variation within a clock gene of Drosophila melanogaster : a phenotypic and molecular analysis
Author: Sawyer, Lesley Anne
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 1996
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Abstract:
The clock gene period encodes a repetitive series of Threonine-Glycine (Thr-Gly) pairs in D. melanogaster. This sequence is polymorphic in length and shows a clinal distribution in Europe, whereby the shorter length variants are more frequent in warmer regions and the longer ones in colder areas. A series of new correlations performed with the European population data suggests that thermal selection may be a factor in generating the cline. DNA sequence analysis of various Thr-Gly haplotypes supports a model where the (Thr-Gly)2o and (Thr-Gly)23 alleles are considered as ancestral, since all variants can be derived from them. A reciprocal cline is observed for the (Thr-Glyho length valiant in eastern Australia, suggesting that selection may be maintaining the polymorphism, and a further correlation of temperature with allele frequency suggests, as in European populations, that the cline may be thermally mediated. However, the other major allele the (Thr-Gly)17 was spatially homogenous. The temperature compensation of the clock was examined by investigating the freerunning locomotor activity cycles of different natural ThrGly length variants from Europe and Australia. A relationship between Thr-Gly length and temperature compensation which could help explain the continental spatial differences was observed. Locomotor activity profiles in light/dark cycles were also examined in the European variants, and revealed subtle phenotypic differences between the Thr-Gly length variants that could also contribute to the observed clinal patterns. The energy expenditure of different Thr-Gly length variants was also measured and revealed behavioural adaptations for possible fitness advantages. Throughout the behavioural analyses there was also evidence that the structural (Thr-Gly)3 motif played an important role in the temperature compensation mechanism and energy expenditure of the fly.
Supervisor: Kyriacou, Chalarambos Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.657534  DOI: Not available
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