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Title: Current trends and pressures in the development of the international copyright conventions
Author: McMorrow, Thomas M.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1991
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The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works 1886 and the Universal Copyright Convention 1952 are two major international copyright conventions in current force. These were amended simultaneously in Paris in 1971 in the face of demands by Less Developed Countries that the latter should be granted special terms upon which to enter into contracts for the import of cultural materials. It was recognised by the Governing Bodies of both Conventions that a true universality of membership could only be achieved by the attraction of L.D.C's within the fellowship of those states with effective municipal copyright statutes, all as envisaged by the Conventions. It was thought that the Paris Revisals brought to an end the crisis in copyright posed by the Third World. Indeed, at the time this particular crisis was solved. However, it has become clear crises affecting the conventions are now manifest in different forms but with critical effect. The advent of new technology has been the principal cause of crisis in particular regard to the scope and nature of rights extended by the conventions, and the subject-matter of conventional protection. The interpretation of scope and nature (of rights) and protection of subject-matter is now of great import. Additionally, the sudden recent adherence of the United States of America to the Berne Convention has brought about a geographical shift in the centre of gravity of international copyright relations, while the dual question of uniformity and effectiveness of protection extended to copyright materials have demanded the urgent attention of the Governing Bodies. Collectively, these matters have encouraged a metamorphosis in the manner in which the conventions fall to be perceived and this thesis attempts to identify the features of change and indicate future development.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available