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Title: States of education : reflections on the relationship between welfare state and education in Finland and the Federal Republic of Germany 1960-1970
Author: Gardin, Matias Edvard
ISNI:       0000 0004 5350 0172
Awarding Body: King's College London (University of London)
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2014
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This PhD thesis examines the impact of political ideologies on the welfare-state developments of the Republic of Finland and Federal Republic of Germany from 1960 to 1970, a period of dramatic social expenditure expansion and economic growth. It explores the issue by asking whether different ideas of ruling parties mattered in these developments or were there other factors, such as the level of economic strength, which became more influential in explaining cross-national welfare variations. Whereas mainstream analysts of comparative social policy since the early 1990s have taken for granted that politics mattered in the immediate post- war era reflecting the more pronounced left-right, catholic-protestant and other historical cleavages, this research moves beyond the oversimplified traditional welfare regime typologies and instead considers how welfare systems became intertwined with other more control-focused aspects of state development: in effect, whether and how they became instruments of discipline through educating citizens. Drawing on the Foucauldian idea of power of normalisation - and using educational expansion of the 1960s as a case study - it is suggested that there are aspects of the development of Finnish and West German policing which had a direct bearing on the emergence of the welfare state. Welfare regimes became complex entities which structured the evolution of European nation states after WW2. Yet, it has often been assumed that strong economic development and welfare policies became incompatible. As this study demonstrates, this was not the case in Finland and the FRG. Quite the opposite, both countries emerged stable and democratic into the twenty first century. 1960-1970 was the timeframe during which the groundwork for this success was pioneered and the period was to have a lasting legacy which gave direction to the future. Therefore, a closer study on the interconnectedness between education and welfare state needs to be established. Whereas this thesis confines itself to Finnish-German developments as my original contribution to knowledge, it suggests some grounds for extending the research to other countries.
Supervisor: Clarkson, Alexander Philip Harold; Tepe, Daniela Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available