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Title: Modelling the relationship between pilgrims' pedestrian casualties and land use type : a case study of Al Madinah Al Monawarah
Author: Alahmadi, Raed Nayif
ISNI:       0000 0004 5347 8921
Awarding Body: Edinburgh Napier University
Current Institution: Edinburgh Napier University
Date of Award: 2014
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The growing fatality of road traffic accidents in most cities constitutes a public health challenge. Annually, about 1.24 million people are killed from road accidents, among which more than one fifth of these deaths occur among pedestrians. Pedestrian collisions are even more prevalent in cities that host mass gathering events such as the Hajj. Yet this phenomenon has been neglected within the existing literature. Correspondingly, this research examines the relationship between pilgrims' pedestrian casualties and the land use type in Madinah. The relationship between the land use and pedestrian casualty was determined from pilgrims pedestrian casualty data (N=2204) from 2001 to 2005 supplied by the Madinah Police Department. The accident data is characterized by the personal and socio-demographic attributes of the victims as well as the land use type of the accident. The significant findings from this study show that male pilgrims were over represented in pedestrian casualty in Madinah. This is consistent with other road accident studies in Arab-Muslim countries which also recorded higher male casualty compared to female. Again, more men embark on pilgrimage than their female counterpart. Young pilgrim (12-20's) pedestrians suffer the most casualties; while the least casualty was recorded for child pilgrim pedestrians (<12). In terms of day of the week, the high casualty occurs on Friday which is an important day for prayer that usually cause high incident of traffic and over-crowdedness. Though almost three-quarter of the pilgrim pedestrians sustained their casualties during high season months as most Moslem pilgrims embarks on pilgrimage during this period. However, most pilgrims' pedestrians suffer casualty during non-praying time because during prayer time, most of them would either be in the Mosque or residence fulfilling their obligation to pray, thereby, making them less exposed to pedestrian-vehicle collisions. In modelling the relationship between pilgrims' pedestrians and land use type, quasi-Poisson regression models fitted the accident data better than Negative Binomial regression models. Most of the models developed indicate strong association between pilgrims' pedestrian casualties and commercial and religious land use types. For the major land use types, fatalities were more prevalent in the commercial and religious land use types. In terms of road type, the highest iii casualties occurred on single carriageway-2 lanes and mostly on roads around the Holy site. Whilst the results indicate that there is a greater number of accidents occurring in proximity to junctions or close to T,Y or staggered junctions categories taken together, the large single category of accidents occurred ‘not at junction or within 20 metres of junction. Nevertheless, majority of coefficients for road type and junction details variables were insignificant. Main findings from this research are discussed and suitable recommendations are made to assist policy makers in proffering countermeasures to will help improve safety and reduce accidents. One of the main findings of this research is that the serious accident pattern indicates the need for improved pedestrian facilities for pilgrims. This is the major outcome of the modelling and the analysis in general.
Supervisor: Saleh, Wafaa Sponsor: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Government
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: HD Industries. Land use. Labor