Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Cardiovascular risk in young women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Author: Coulson, Rose-Marie Kate
ISNI:       0000 0004 5368 1284
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2014
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Background: Young women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) may have increased measures of cardiovascular risk. It is difficult to determine how much of this risk is due to PCOS itself and how much is due to obesity and insulin resistance,which are common in PCOS and are themselves associated with greater cardiovascular risk. Aims and Methods: The study aimed to determine if arterial stiffness, carotid intima-media thickness and diastolic dysfunction were increased in young women with PCOS independently of the effects of obesity. A cross-sectional study of women with PCOS and healthy volunteers aged 16-45 years was undertaken. Subjects had a comprehensive assessment of body composition (including computed tomography assessment of visceral fat), measurements of arterial stiffness (aortic pulse wave velocity; aPWV), common carotid intima-media thickness (ccIMT), diastolic function (longitudinal tissue velocity; e’:a’) and metabolic measures including an oral glucose tolerance test to assess insulin area under the curve (IAUC), a marker of insulin resistance. Results: After adjustment for age and body mass index, PCOS subjects had greater insulin response (IAUC) following glucose challenge (adjusted difference [AD] 35900 pmol min/l, P<0.001), higher testosterone (AD 0.57 nmol/l, P<0.001) and high molecular weight adiponectin (AD 3.01μg/ml, P=0.02) than controls. There were no significant differences in aPWV (AD -0.13m/s, P=0.33), ccIMT (AD - 0.01mm, P=0.13) or e’:a’ (AD -0.01, P=0.86). After adjustment for age, height and central pulse pressure, aPWV and e’:a’ were associated with log visceral fat and IAUC. After adjusting for log visceral fat, the relationships between aPWV or e’:a’ and IAUC were only party attenuated. There was no relationship between cardiovascular measures and adiponectin or testosterone. Conclusions: Insulin resistance and central obesity are associated with subclinical dysfunction in young women, but a diagnosis of PCOS does not appear to confer additional risk at this age.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RG Gynecology and obstetrics