Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Marker-less human body part detection, labelling and tracking for human activity recognition
Author: Azhar, Faisal
ISNI:       0000 0004 5366 2403
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2015
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
This thesis focuses on the development of a real-time and cost effective marker-less computer vision method for significant body point or part detection (i.e., the head, arm, shoulder, knee, and feet), labelling and tracking, and its application to activity recognition. This work comprises of three parts: significantbody point detection and labelling, significant body point tracking, and activity recognition. Implicit body models are proposed based on human anthropometry, kinesiology, and human vision inspired criteria to detect and label significant body points. The key idea of the proposed method is to fit the knowledge from the implicit body models rather than fitting the predefined models in order to detect and label significant body points. The advantages of this method are that it does not require manual annotation, an explicit fitting procedure, and a training (learning) phase, and it is applicable to humans with different anthropometric proportions. The experimental results show that the proposed method robustly detects and labels significant body points in various activities of two different (low and high) resolution data sets. Furthermore, a Particle Filter with memory and feedback is proposed that combines temporal information of the previous observation and estimation with feedback to track significant body points in occlusion. In addition, in order to overcome the problem presented by the most occluded body part, i.e., the arm, a Motion Flow method is proposed. This method considers the human arm as a pendulum attached to the shoulder joint and defines conjectures to track the arm since it is the most occluded body part. The former method is invoked as default and the latter is used as per a user's choice. The experimental results show that the two proposed methods, i.e., Particle Filter and Motion Flow methods, robustly track significant body points in various activities of the above-mentioned two data sets and also enhance the performance of significant body point detection. A hierarchical relaxed partitioning system is then proposed that employs features extracted from the significant body points for activity recognition when multiple overlaps exist in the feature space. The working principle of the proposed method is based on the relaxed hierarchy (postpone uncertain decisions) and hierarchical strategy (group similar or confusing classes) while partitioning each class at different levels of the hierarchy. The advantages of the proposed method lie in its real-time speed, ease of implementation and extension, and non-intensive training. The experimental results show that it acquires valuable features and outperforms relevant state-of-the-art methods while comparable to other methods, i.e., the holistic and local feature approaches. In this context, the contribution of this thesis is three-fold: Pioneering a method for automated human body part detection and labelling. Developing methods for tracking human body parts in occlusion. Designing a method for robust and efficient human action recognition.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: University of Warwick
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA75 (Please use QA76 Electronic Computers. Computer Science)