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Title: Development of microfabricated ion traps for scalable microwave quantum technology
Author: Lekitsch, Bjoern
ISNI:       0000 0004 5365 6433
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2015
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Microfabricated ion traps are an important tool in the development of scalable quantum systems. Tremendous advancements towards an ion quantum computer were made in the past decade and most requirements for a quantum computer have been fulfilled in individual experiments. Incorporating all essential capabilities in a fully scalable system will require the further advancement of established quantum information technologies and development of new trap fabrication techniques. In my thesis I will discuss the theoretical background and experimental setup required for the operation of ion traps. Measurement of the important ion trap heating rate was performed in the setup and I will discuss the results in more detail. I will give a review of microfabrication processes used for the fabrication of traps, outlining advantages, disadvantages and issues inherent to the processes. Following the review I will present my work on a concept for a scalable ion trap quantum system based on microwave quantum gates and shuttling through X-junctions. Many of the required building blocks, including ion trap structures with current-carrying wires intended to create strong magnetic field gradients for microwave gates were investigated further. A novel fabrication process was developed to combine current-carrying wires with advanced multilayered ion trap structures. Several trap designs intended for proof of principle experiments of high fidelity microwave gates, advanced detection techniques and shuttling between electrically disconnected ion traps will be presented. Also the electrode geometry of an optimized X-junction design with strongly suppressed rf barrier height will be presented. Further, I developed several modifications for the experimental setup to extend the existing capabilities. A plasma source capable of performing in-situ cleans of the trap electrode surfaces, which has been demonstrated to dramatically reduce the heating rate in ion traps, was incorporated. I will also present a vacuum system modification designed to cool ion traps with current-carrying wires and transport the generated heat out of the vacuum system. In addition a novel low-noise, high-speed, multichannel voltage control system was developed by me. The device can be used in future experiments to precisely shuttle ions from one trapping zone to another and also to shuttle ions through ion trap junctions. Lastly I will outline the process optimization and microfabrication of my ion trap designs. A novel fabrication process which makes use of the extremely high thermal conductivity of diamond substrates and combines it with thick copper tracks embedded in the substrate was developed. Large currents will be passed through the wires creating a strong and controllable magnetic field gradient. Ion trap designs with isolated electrodes connected via buried wires can be placed on top of the current-carrying wires, allowing the most advanced electrode designs to be fabricated with current-carrying wires.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC0170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter Including molecular physics ; relativity ; quantum theory ; and solid state physics