Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.655015
Title: Structural studies of cell surface signalling molecules for neuronal guidance and connectivity
Author: Mitakidis, Nikolaos
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
Signal transduction is critical during the lifetime of a neuron as it navigates to reach its targets, forms functional synaptic connections and adjusts the molecular architecture of these connections in an activity-dependent manner. Understanding the molecular organisation of components required for neuronal signalling will provide novel biological insight and can contribute to the design of therapeutics for neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. The focus of the thesis is on determining mechanistic molecular details of a number of distinct cell surface systems implicated in neuronal signalling. Crystallographic studies on the cell surface complex between Eph receptor A4 and ephrinA5 contributed to understanding how the modes of higher order arrangements of receptors involved in guidance affect signal transduction across the membrane. A set of structural and biophysical studies addressed the proteoglycan regulation of RPTPσ-TrkCtrans-synaptic interaction and contributed to deciphering the principles of the switch from axonal growth to synapse establishment and formation. A crystallographic and biochemical analysis of the neuronal C1q-like family, enabled mapping their interactions with potential synaptic partners, and guided functional studies aimed at elucidating their roles in the maintenance of synaptic integrity. Preliminary work on the neuronal Sigma-1 receptor chaperone laid the foundations for the structural determination of this receptor.
Supervisor: Jones, E. Yvonne; Aricescu, A. Radu Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.655015  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Crystallography ; Membrane proteins ; Biochemistry ; Molecular biophysics (biochemistry) ; Neurobiology
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