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Title: Indigenous struggles over recognition in Bolivia : contesting Evo Morales's discourse of internal decolonization
Author: Zúñiga, Nieves
ISNI:       0000 0004 5361 2385
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2014
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In this thesis I analyze the struggles over recognition of indigenous peoples in the context of the process of decolonization undertaken by the government of Evo Morales in Bolivia after he was elected the first indigenous president of the country in · December 2005 until 2012. I address the question of why, despite the recognition of indigenous peoples promoted by the Movement Towards Socialism (MAS) government and incorporated into the Constitution of 2009, indigenous leaders from the highlands and the lowlands remain dissatisfied. In doing so, I look at the grounds of the indigenous criticisms of the language of indigeneity used by the government and the role of the state in the process of decolonization. Following the theoretical approach proposed by James Tully and the theoretical tools provided by political discourse analysis, my discussion focuses on the languages and the practices in which the problem is defined and the indigenous demands and criticisms are articulated. My argument is that there is a divergence between the discourse of the government and those of indigenous leaders. I suggest that that divergence is founded on the perpetuation of pre-existent patterns of recognition by the state that have shaped its relationship with indigenous peoples throughout the history of Bolivia, which has resulted in a lack of acknowledgment of the capacity of dissent and discursive diversity of and among indigenous peoples. The case of Bolivia makes an important contribution to the debate about recognition in multicultural societies. On the one hand, it challenges the political borders that generally identify indigenous peoples and the non-indigenous state as the actors to be reconciled. On the other, it touches on the form and scope of the cultural recognition required, pointing to an understanding of recognition as negotiation, and to the different levels in which that recognition should take place.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available