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Title: Enterprise in deprived areas : the crafting of an (un-)enterprising community
Author: Parkinson , Caroline Ruth
Awarding Body: Lancaster University
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 2011
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UK government policy has promoted enterprise as a means of addressing decline and social exclusion. Critics question the presumption that enterprise is panacea for economic and social deprivation. They challenge neoliberal understandings of enterprise and the notion that enterprise and deprivation have a clear propinquity (see Southern 2011). One concern is that, without better conceptual understanding, policy could reinforce social inequalities and disable praxis in deprived communities. Some argue the need to address the non-economic before local futures can be meaningfully altered. However, few studies have explored the struggle between the economic and social orders in specific deprived communities. This thesis looks at a range of accounts within a UK community that is labelled deprived. The aim of the research is to understand through discourse how various influences affect perceived abilities to engage in enterprise. Data were collected in 2007-9 through qualitative interviews with 20 individuals considered to have broadly typical enterprise interests in the case community. Discourse analysis is conducted using the interpretative repertoire, a broad framework that looks at both the local organisation of talk and the global sense making across a corpus. The interpretative repertoire analyses consistency and variability between accounts and can capture shifts in potentially contradictory ways of talking (Gilbert and Mulkay 1984, Potter et al. 1984). This research makes three main contributions to the field of entrepreneurship research. Firstly, in terms of theoretical contribution, it bridges the social and economic orders to develop recent research that questions the coupling of enterprise with deprivation. It contributes to an under-theorised area, which does little to understand entrepreneurship in deprived areas from the perspective of those affected (Hjalager 1989, Johnstone and Lionais 2004). It offers a re-politicised view of the relationship between enterprise and local culture and highlights the problem of place in the context of deprivation. Methodologically, it develops the linguistic turn in entrepreneurship studies, introducing a lesser known method of discourse analysis to entrepreneurship research. Finally, the research contributes to empirical knowledge of the case community by illustrating how negative versions of the community are perpetuated in talk, privileging deficiencies that posit the locality and its people as 'un-enterprising'.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available