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Title: Indoor radio channel propagation modelling by ray tracing techniques
Author: Laurensen, David Irvine
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1994
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In response to the requirement for a more detailed channel model based on the physical characteristics of the environment within which indoor radio communications operate, this thesis presents a channel model based on ray tracing techniques. The mathematical basis for the model is presented in terms of the electromagnetic properties of simple objects. The resulting model is coded into a simulation system which takes a description of a building in terms of the structure of internal walls, floors and ceilings. Through repeated application of the reflection process, a description of the channel impulse response is created for a given transmitter and receiver position from the multipath components generated. This model is applied, in progressing degrees of complexity, to two buildings for which narrowband physical measurements are available. Comparison is made between the measured results and the narrowband simulation results which leads to an analysis of the various propagation mechanisms involved in in-building communications. It is found that the model, while not accurately predicting the measured results, does produce a model that, considering the unknown parameters of the environment and experimental procedure, relates well to the channel experienced by a communication system. Wideband channel characteristics are determined from the simulation model, and found to give access to more detailed information on the channel than is obtainable through physical measurement. The results of the wideband simulations are compared with published material containing measurement results, and the relationship to the narrowband results already presented is shown.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available