Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Emotion and imitation in early infant-parent interaction : a longitudinal and cross-cultural study
Author: Kokkinaki, Theano
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1998
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
Following a brief introduction to the divergent views on the monitoring structures of imitation, a review of the literature is presented covering the following topics: initial theories and observations on the origin and development of early human imitation; recent theoretical models that have emerged from experimental studies of infant imitation and from naturalistic studies on imitation, in infant-mother communications; and traditional and the recent theoretical and empirical approaches to imitative phenomena in infant-father interaction. This review leads to the following conclusions: a) the fact that attempts to confirm certain ideas/hypotheses/suggestions built into the original theories and strategies of observation were unsuccessful does not detract from their great contribution which set the foundations upon which recent research is conducted. b) despite the different theoretical frameworks and the lack of consensus for a commonly accepted method for investigating early initiative phenomena in experimental settings, neonatal imitation is now considered as a fact; and c) imitative phenomena found in empirical studies focusing on infant-father interaction, as well as the relevant theoretical interpretations, are characterised by a contradiction-theory predicting bidirectional regulations, while the corresponding unidirectional empirical approach favours the parental side. The main findings may be summarized as follows: a) the phenomenon of imitation was evidenced, as early as the 8th week, irrespectively of the country, the parent or infant's sex; b) cultural differences, reflecting the predominance of non-vocal imitative expressive behaviour in the two countries, were found; c) the developmental course of early imitative behaviours was typically non-linear; d) turn taking imitative exchanges predominated over coactions; e) parents were found to imitate their infants more than vice versa; and f) emotional regulation, either in the sense of emotional matching or in the sense of emotional attunement, proved to be the underlying motivating principle for both parental and infant imitations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available