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Title: An exploration of the main sources of shame in an eating disordered population
Author: Keith, Laura
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2005
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Objective: Eating disordered populations have been consistently found to demonstrate high levels of shame. However, the factors contributing to this had not previously been established. This study explored the main sources of shame in 52 individuals with a current diagnosis of an eating disorder. Method: All participants completed questionnaires on eating disorders, negative affect, perceived parental bonding, Social Isolation schema (Young & Brown, 1990) and bodily, behavioural and characterological shame and shame around eating. They were also asked to indicate if they had experienced bullying/teasing in their past. An individual meeting the criteria for anorexia nervosa and an individual with bulimia nervosa were randomly selected to participate in a semi-structured interview to obtain more in depth information about their experience of shame and eating disorders. Results: Pearson correlations and partial correlations were used to identify appropriate factors to be entered into the regression model. Stepwise linear regression analyses indicated that maternal care, Social Isolation schema and current eating disorders symptomatology were significant predictors of shame, explaining 50% of the variance. Social Isolation schema was found to be the major contributor to this model. Depression was also entered into the model but was not found to make a significant independent contribution. The link between bullying/teasing and Social Isolation schema was also supported. Conclusions: The study adds further insight into the relationship between shame and eating disorders by identifying factors involved in the development of shame in this population. Results highlight the role of both early experiences and current symptoms, suggesting that shame has an important role in both the development and maintenance of eating disorders. Implications for treatment are discussed, as are suggested areas of future research. In particular, the need to consider bullying/teasing in shame and eating disorders research is emphasised.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available