Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.653236
Title: Molecular epidemiology of bovine tuberculosis in Tanzania
Author: Kazwala, R. R.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1996
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Abstract:
A study on molecular epidemiology of bovine tuberculosis in man and cattle in Tanzania was carried out with two components. The first component was based on field investigation of tuberculosis in cattle and man in Arusha region, in the north and in the Usangu Plains in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania. The second component involved laboratory analysis of strains acquired from field study by both conventional and molecular biology techniques. The IS986 and mtp40 multiplex PCR developed in the course of this study was able to different M. bovis from M. tuberculosis. DNA fingerprinting of all the strains cultured was carried out using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and spoligotyping techniques. Strains of M. bovis from man from Arusha gave similar DNA fingerprints to those from cattle, while the human M. bovis, strains from other places gave different fingerprints from those from cattle. M. tuberculosis strains were found to belong to three clusters, with one cluster containing over 60% of the strains. Intersegment PCR, a molecular typing technique developed in the current study was able to differentiate strains but the results were influenced by the concentration of template DNA. A fragment of RAPD PCR found only in M. bovis and absent in M. tuberculosis and other atypical mycobacteria was cloned and sequenced. The DNA sequence of the cloned fragment was found to match a M. tuberculosis cosmid, which also matched rfbE gene of Yersinia enterocolitica. Specificity testing revealed hybridization to M. tuberculosis as well. The findings of the above studies have shown the existence of M. bovis infection in man and cattle in Tanzania. The study has also shown the zoonotic importance of infection in the two populations which necessitates a veterinary/medical approach to the control of the disease in Tanzania. Furthermore, it has been shown that molecular biology techniques are better epidemiological tools in studies of zoonotic conditions such as tuberculosis. The study was unable to find a specific DNA element for M. bovis. This observation concurs with others which have found 100% homogeneity between species of the M. tuberculosis complex.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.653236  DOI: Not available
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