Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.653210
Title: Quantitative genetic aspects of carcass composition, assessed by X-ray computer tomography, and meat quality traits in sheep
Author: Karamichou, Eleni
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2007
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Abstract:
The overall aim of this thesis is to explore quantitative genetic aspects of carcass and meat quality traits in sheep and consider the utilization of such information in breeding programmes. The focus is to breed for improved lamb meat quality. This thesis investigated the use of in vivo composition traits to predict meat quality. Additionally, it investigated potential opportunities for genetically improving meat and carcass quality by using in vivo predictor traits and quantitative trait loci (QTL). Data for carcass composition and meat quality was collected over four years from a Blackface population. Within this population, a double backcrossed design created nine half-sib families, for QTL detection. Carcass composition was measured using in vivo computed tomography (CT) on equal number of males and females per year. This thesis provided considerable novel information of the genetic control of meat quality traits in sheep. In particular, three main contributions are (i) the quantification of heritabilities for a wide range of meat quality traits, (ii) genetic relationships between traits measured in vivo, such as CT-muscle density, and many of the meat quality traits, and (iii) QTL for a wide range of traits. Thus, selection to improve meat quality in sheep is possible, in principle, and this thesis provided tools which may pave the way towards implementation in practical breeding programmes. In particular, the use of CT-muscle density may be a means of making broad improvements in the perceived quality of sheep meat, and QTL that have been detected that, after independent validation, may allow improvement of specific meat quality attributes and alteration of the fatty acid profile.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.653210  DOI: Not available
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