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Title: A step towards 'perpetual peace'? legitimacy in international law and UN Security Council reform
Author: Kliem , Tobias
Awarding Body: University of Kent
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 2013
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My thesis is that the Security Council of the United Nations is still relevant in today's world, but it needs to change to maintain and strengthen its position as the central body for decisions on international peace and security. The key to this position is the concept of legitimacy, which will be explored in the first two chapters. While the first chapter explains what legitimacy means and why it ';tatters in world politics, the second chapter will explore in more detail what factors matter in the sociological conception of legitimacy of international organisations used in this thesis. The indicators arising from this broadly fit into the areas legality, democracy, justice and outcome. These indicators are then used to test how the United Nations Security Council has acted in the two major cases where force has been used with the autliorisation of the United Nations: the Korean War of the 1950s and the first Iraq War fourty years later. Both case studies show that the decision making structure within the United Nations and therefore the authorised wars suffered from major problems in terms of their legitimacy. The final two chapters then take up these problems to look into the proposals that were made to reform the Security Council. The thesis proposes some changes that are not completely unrealistic and that could help the Security Council to become the relevant actor it was supposed to be.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available