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Title: An investigation into depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and external locus of control in children referred to a child and family mental health service
Author: Jackson, Clare Louise
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2001
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Emotional and behavioural problems in childhood embrace an array of disorders ranging from depression, anxiety and chronic shyness to non-compliance, impulsiveness, stealing and aggression. Achenbach (1991) proposed a dimensional approach to conceptualising children's problems. The first dimension, consisting of emotional behaviours such as crying, worrying and withdrawal has been given the broad label of internalising disorders. These disorders are most acutely troublesome for the child rather than their parents, carers or teachers. The second dimension, which targets dysregulated behaviours, such as aggressive and delinquent conduct problems, has been broadly labelled externalising disorders; these often reflect a greater cost and challenge for society at large. Psychological problems in children rarely occur in isolation; for example, a child with externalising behavioural problems may also suffer from depression and low self-esteem. In clinic studies, about 25 per cent of referrals suffer from clinical depression (Carr, 1999). In a review of the major epidemiological studies, Anderson (1994) concluded that the overall prevalence for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents is 2-9 per cent. Research also suggests that 50 per cent of children diagnosed as depressed are also anxious and that 25 per cent of children diagnosed with anxiety disorders are also depressed (Smith, 1999). The expression and presentation of psychological difficulties in childhood can be varied and assessment does not always uncover the underlying features of psychological problems in children. Nevertheless, standardised measures of self-report can be useful and valid tools for assessing a child's own psychological experience. By tapping into specific areas of concern or difficulty for the child and offering the clinician an improved understanding of the child's inner emotional world these tools can make a valuable contribution to the overall therapeutic process.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available