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Title: Phonological processes in the acquisition of liquid and stop segments in English by Anaang speakers
Author: Idem, Unyierie Angela Walter
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1994
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Research has shown that the second language (L2) learner's phonological system is shaped by a number of processes which interact in various ways to produce a variable interlanguage sysem. This study examines the extent to which transfer, developmental and universal processes operate in the acquisition of liquid (/r,l) an stop (p, b, t, d, k, g/) segments in English by native speakers of Anaang. A number of different elicitation task are used: word lists, sentence lists, texts and interview conversation. Liquid segments are tested in four phonetic environments across tasks - initial, cluster, medical and final - and stop segments in the final position across the same range of tasks. The data are collected from Anaang speakers of different proficiency levels in L2 English: low, lower intermediate, upper intermediate and advanced. Data are also collected from native speakers of English for purposes of comparison. The results indicate that while transfer remains the predominant process, it interacts constantly with development and universal processes. Furthermore, the manifestation or non manifestation of the phenomena tested are determined by the linguistic context, the speech situation (casual or careful) and the learners' level of proficiency in English. These variables interact in complex ways in that the differences observed among proficiency groups are mediated upon by the phonetic environments of the segments and the formality of the tasks administered. There is need therefore for an adequate theory of second language phonology which will account for such variable phenomena resulting from the interaction of different processes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available