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Title: War and occupation in Udine, 1940-1945
Author: Hope, Fraser
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2007
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This thesis looks at some aspects of the Italian home front during World War Two in the predominantly rural, northeastern province of Udine. It also examines the immediate aftermath of the war, the first few months of the Reconstruction period. The thesis quite deliberately devotes more attention to the early part of the war because, in the case of Italy, it is the least studied period of the conflict. The vast majority of the research that has been published on Italy in the Second World War has focused on the history of the Resistance 1943-45 and also, albeit to a somewhat lesser extent, the military aspects of the conflict. This thesis is also intended as a contribution to the history of the province of Udine itself. The thesis focuses on the question of the Fascist air defence organisations and air raid precautions in the province using local archival sources from the Comitato provinciale protezione antiaerea (1939-1950). It looks at how the local authorities protected non-combatants and what sort of war they expected Italy to wage. Most studies of aerial warfare have tended to focus on civil defence in industrial and port areas. Udine was a bombing target from 1943 onwards because it was a major hub for railway lines from Nazi Germany to central and southern Italy and was particularly hard and repeatedly hit during the last winter of the war. In addition, the PhD describes and analyses the brutality and violence during the period of the Italian Social Republic under German occupation. Much has been written about the German atrocities in Italy, but historians have been less interested in writing about the involvement of Italians in violence which was organised by Nazis, but perpetrated by locals.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available