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Title: The use of non-volatile a-Si:H memory devices for synaptic weight storage in artificial neural networks
Author: Holmes, Andrew J.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1995
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This thesis describes the development of an ANN chip in which a-Si:H resistors are integrated with CMOS circuitry. This eliminates the need for external refresh or neuron circuitry required by ANN designs based on dynamic storage techniques. The a-Si:H memory technology was developed in collaboration with Dundee University and is in effect a programmable, non-volatile, semiconductor resistor. The device consists of a thin 1000A layer of a-Si:H sandwiched between vanadium and chromium electrodes. During the project a total of three test chips were designed and fabricated. The first chip was used to investigate the fabrication of memory devices on the surface of a CMOS wafer: previously all the test devices had been constructed on glass slides. Results from this chip showed that it was possible to fabricate programmable a-Si:H resistors on a CMOS chip. The second chip contained five different synapse designs all of which used the a-Si:H resistor as the memory element. The best of these was then used in the construction of the final ANN chip. This chip contained an 8 x 8 array of synapses and digital addressing, and required minimal support circuitry. Conclusions are drawn both about the performance of the a-Si:H memory device and the alternative approaches to non-volatile storage in ANN chips, and recommendations are made for future work in this area.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available