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Title: The pre-oviposition behaviour of Pieris rapae L.
Author: Hern, A.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1997
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Abstract:
This thesis reports the results of investigations on aspects of the pre-oviposition behaviour of Pieris rapae L. (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) in relation to host plant finding and acceptance. Investigations were carried out into various aspects of the influence of sensory cues on host plant finding including the effect of colour and host plant extracts. The results showed that the number of landings was strongly influenced by colour (P<0.001) and that extracts containing contact stimulants also increased the number of landings (P<0.05). Volatile extracts were also tested in a wind tunnel and the results showed that the extracts increased the number and duration of flights as compared to the solvent controls (P<0.05). However, there was no evidence that the volatile extracts tested acted as attractants. Volatile extracts applied to non-host plants increased the proportion of landings as compared to the controls (P<0.05). The role of different sensory cues (volatile extracts, colour contact stimulants), from three host plants with differing acceptabilities were investigated in order to assess the relative importance of each cue. The results showed that the variety tested had a significant influence on the number of landings and eggs laid. Volatile extracts from the three varieties were prepared and their effect on landing in a choice and no-choice test with model plants was carried out. The volatile extracts significantly increased (P<0.05) the number of landings on the treated plants as compared to the controls. The effect of prior experience was also investigated using three host plants with differing acceptabilities to P. rapae. The results showed that the effect of prior experience (P>0.05) itself was not a significant explanatory variable for the number of eggs laid, however, the host plant variety used was a significant explanatory variable (P<0.001). Additionally, there was a significant interaction between these two factors (P<0.05). Finally, an artificial life model of the pre-oviposition behaviour of P. rapae is proposed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.652381  DOI: Not available
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