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Title: Drivers and barriers to industrial ecology in the UK
Author: Harris, Steve
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2004
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There are generally two paths or routes to IE: product based analysis and industrial symbiosis (IS). This thesis concerns itself with the drivers and barriers to industrial ecology, focusing primarily on the symbiosis route. Although forms of IS have occurred throughout history, the implementation of IS networks on a regional or industrial park basis is emerging as potentially the main driver for IE. The research examines several system levels (national, regional, network, company) and combines research from: 1: Action research – implementation of an IS network and case study research of the local process industries; 2: Desk-based research – examination of regional and national policies; 3: Lessons and experiences from the UK National Industrial Symbiosis Programme; and findings from meetings and collaboration with BCSD-UK, the programme’s facilitators. The thesis examines how at the local and regional level IS networks can be successfully implemented by building on regional strengths in terms of cooperation and networking; and also building on policies and strategies. It examines how at the national level industrial ecology can incorporate and build in strategies and policies including: clusters, innovation, regional development, waste and sustainable development. It is argued that for IE to succeed it has to be learnt by the main actors at all levels (company, regional and national). A technology transfer model is adopted to help understand and demonstrate how this learning and evolution could occur. The research shows that it is usually a complex combination of small barriers that hinder IS development because the incentives are insufficient. The ability of IE to fit within, and indeed to unify policies and strategies, is seen to be the biggest driver. But the framework demonstrates the importance of association and hence how policy can induce a behavioural/cultural shift by targeting the association of key players. Importantly, drivers should concentrate on IE (the wider system perspective) because IS applied without wider system considerations can develop less favourable outcomes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available