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Title: Unity and faith : the negotiation of social and religious identities in Calabar
Author: Hall, Philippa
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2001
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The thesis is an ethnographic study of the way that people in Calabar, southern Nigeria, participated in Efik religious institutions and several different Christian denominations. The thesis is based upon eighteen months fieldwork in Calabar between 1993 and 1995. Further fieldwork was also completed in Scotland between 1992 and 1995. In Calabar, religious participation is approached as part of the negotiation of the multiple social identities that occurs in post-colonial urban centres in West Africa. The thesis focuses upon the debates that were occurring between people belonging to the Presbyterian Church of Nigeria, Duke Town Parish, and people who attended Pentecostal ministries founded in the 1990s. The thesis opens with a discussion of contemporary social, religious and political institutions in Calabar. The Presbyterian Church of Nigeria is contextualised through an examination of the culture of the Scottish Presbyterian Mission that was established in the city in 1846. I discuss how Scottish missionaries and indigenous leaders interacted within the colonial context. I then turn to look at the way this mission history is perceived and represented by contemporary Presbyterians and Pentecostalists. I also examine the impact that the Pentecostal movement has exerted beyond the boundaries of the ministries. The Duke Town Presbyterian Church has incorporated several aspects of Pentecostal worship since 1990, a decision that has precipitated debates among the congregation between traditional and born-again Presbyterians. The social and economic concerns of participants in selected Pentecostal ministries are described. I show how the ministries provided people with meeting places and social networks outside family or work domains. The ministries also addressed the widespread concern among participants with deliverance from the spirits of the indigenous cosmology. The case studies illustrate the way that people attributed power to different ministries to provide deliverance from spiritual attack.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available