Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.651552
Title: Adam Smith's Utopia : society as an open and progressive system of mutual sympathy
Author: Göçmen, D.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2006
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Abstract:
This thesis deals with the Adam Smith Problem. This problem relates to a debate about the relationship between The Theory of Moral Sentiments (TMS) and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (WN). It is suggested that Smith developed in these two works two irreconcilable anthropological views. It is claimed that the foundation of Smith’s ethics in TMS is an altruistic anthropological view, whereas the basis of his political economy in WN is an individualistic anthropological approach. The main idea which I develop in my thesis is that the anthropological basis of both Smith’s works is the same, namely the concept of social individuality. I suggest that he develops in TMS a concept of social individuality, and gives in WN a critical account of the situation of the individual in commercial society. I put forward the idea that these two concepts should be seen as two complementary aspects of one and the same overall anthropological view. The former concept refers to the general aspect and the latter to the particular (historical) aspect of Smith’s anthropological view. Nonetheless, I claim that there is a contradiction between these two aspects of Smith’s overall anthropological view. I suggest, however, that this contradiction should not be ascribed conceptually to Smith. I argue, therefore, that he is aware of his contradiction and that he himself endeavours to develop a solution to it. In my thesis I endeavour to show that Smith’s solution to this contradiction lies in his utopia. He develops the framework of his utopian society by an “immanent” critique of commercial society. In Part II, I work out Smith’s concept of social individuality under the heading of the constitution of the self as fully developed in TMS, and, in Part III, I present Smith’s account of the situation of the self in commercial society.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.651552  DOI: Not available
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