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Title: The effect of mood in depression on responses to the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form
Author: Gibney, Fiona
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2006
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The aim of this study was to investigate whether mood-state influenced responses on a self-report measure of schematic content, namely the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQ-S). To date, the vast majority of studies have demonstrated that self-report measures of schematic content do not detect negative cognitive styles in the absence of negative affect. A recent study by Stopa and Waters (2005) investigated the link between the YSQ-S and mood-state using a mood-induction paradigm in a non-clinical population. These findings suggested that responses on the YSQ-S reflected some beliefs as stable and enduring, while others were influenced by mood-state. The present study extended this investigation to include naturally occurring mood-states across currently depressed (CD), recovered depressed (RD), and never depressed (ND) participants. The study investigated the relationship between mood-state and YSQ-S subscales. Differences in YSQ-S scores across CD, RD, and ND groups were also compared. All participants completed the YSQ-S, a Visual Analogue Mood Scale (VAMS), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Correlational analyses revealed a negative relationship between mood-state and scores on 11 of the 15 subscales of the YSQ-S. One way Analyses of variance found that RD participants resembled ND participants on measures of depression, anxiety, mood-state, and 14 of 15 subscales of the YSQ-S. RD participants resembled CD participants on 5 of 15 subscales. Out of these differences the subscales of social isolation and self-sacrifice offered the most distinguishable results in relation to mood-state and enduring schemata. Findings supported the influential role of mood in detecting negative cognitive styles using self-report measures of schematic content. Results were discussed within theoretical models of cognitive vulnerability to depression. Additionally, caution was advised in the interpretation of YSQ-S scores, particularly when using these scores as indications of schema modification in treatment outcome studies.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available