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Title: An investigation into post-traumatic stress disorder following stroke
Author: Flynn, Elizabeth Carmel
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2001
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There is now increased recognition that Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can occur after Traumatic Brain Injury (McMillan, 1996; Bryant & Harvey 1999). Recent literature highlights the occurrence of traumatic incidents which, although accompanied by brain injury, result in symptoms consistent with PTSD. Furthermore, this raises the question of whether PTSD can occur after non-traumatic brain injury, for example, stroke (Sembi et al. 1998). Memory for the event appears to be important in the development of PTSD symptoms particularly in relation to re-experiencing the event. The role of memory for the event in the development of PTSD following acquired brain injury remains unclear (Sbordone & Liter 1995). Following on from work by Berry (1998), this study aimed to confirm whether it is possible for PTSD to occur following both haemorrhagic and ischaemic stroke. The effect loss of consciousness might have on memory for the event, as well as the consequence of this on subsequent psychological distress is explored. The implications of a stressor which disrupts brain function is considered with particular emphasis on the frequency and type of symptoms reported. The thirty-two individuals who participated in this study had recently experienced either a haemorrhagic or an ischaemic stroke. All participants were screened to exclude those who had severe cognitive impairment. Participants completed self-report measures describing current psychological distress including symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to diagnose PTSD. Data was collected on type, location and severity of stroke as well as demographic details. The results are discussed with reference to previous research findings.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available