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Title: An investigation of a reading model for English as a second language
Author: Engineer, Willy D.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1978
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The thesis represents an experimental investigation of the reading process via a series of task-induced operations involving the use of long texts in a second language. The theoretical construct for the operations is provided by a reading model which has been developed to integrate not only known facts of perception already established through experimental findings, but also psychological explanations of processes we have hypothesised must be involved if graphic material in a second language is to be interpreted meaningfully. Based on earlier published models, the five-stage model describes the components, processes and limitations of each stage of the reading activity. And because it fulfils a primarily functional role, the model includes the output of responses that permit the efficiency of the cognitive operations to be evaluated through observable behaviour. The experiments are aimed at eliciting information regarding both the process and the product of comprehension. Techniques suited for these specific ends are discussed along with other task variables that might affect performance. Of special interest are the alternative methods suggested for analysis of results. Data from two informal and four formal experiments provide support for the validity of the reading model, while the use of long texts has produced fairly convincing evidence that length is a factor contributing to discrimination between levels of reading ability. Total responses for the process experiment were analysed to develop what we have called the Reading Performance Profile. This represents patterns of performance based on correct, incorrect and omission scores that can be identified with levels of reading ability. We discuss the use of this profile as a diagnostic tool along with implications of our findings which have special relevance for the non-native speaker population used in our investigation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available