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Title: Modern exegeses' contribution toward understanding the concept of tā‘ah and observance : a semantic and theological enquiry into Tafsīr-al-Manār and Tafsīr al-Azhar
Author: Din, F.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2002
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This thesis analyses a religious concept in Islam, the concept of tā‘ah or obedience and its observance. This study emphasises the contribution of modern exegeses, namely Tafsīr-al-Manār, a very well known and one of the pioneers of modern exegeses, written by Muhammad ‘Abduh and Muhammad Rashīd Ridā, and Tafsīr al-Azhar, a very well known Indonesian modern exegesis, written by Hamka. The views of these exegeses or tafāsīr are also compared with the traditional view. This thesis explores the issue of the observance of tā‘ah or obedience which forms a certain kind of relationship between Man and God, Man and God’s Messenger, and Man and Man (including man and wife). This study shows that tā‘ah to God is absolute. Tā‘ah to God’s Messenger is also absolute in so far as his command is in the realm of religion. Tā‘ah between Man and Man on the other hand, is conditional. The issue of tā‘ah between Man and Man concerns a relationship between those who have power and those without, and also between those who command and those who execute the command. This relationship is susceptible to misunderstanding and abuse. Therefore, this thesis proposes that the important question of what is the scope of tā‘ah should be answered. To answer this question, this thesis discuses in chapter 1 the problems that occur as a result of the improper observance of tā‘ah, Tafsīr-al-Manār as an example of the contribution of the Muslim Modernists in finding solutions to this issue and the implication that results from the new interpretation. Chapter 2 introduces another important Muslim Modernist figure in Indonesia, Hamka, his thought, and his tafsīr, Tafsīr al-Azhar which is one of the author’s vehicle of disseminating Islamic Modernists ideas in the Malay speaking world. Chapter 3 discusses tā‘ah or obedience to God and His Messenger and their reasons which establishes the foundation of to whom or what tā‘ah is to be rendered.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available