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Title: The relationship between disordered eating, perceived parenting, and perfectionistic schemas
Author: Deas, Suzanne
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2007
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There is currently no clear understanding of the ways in which predisposing and maintaining variables interact to impinge on eating attitudes and behaviours. This study investigated two potentially interacting variables, parental bonding and perfectionistic schemas. Both variables have been implicated in the onset and maintenance of anorexia (e.g. Bruck, 1978; Davis et al, 2000). A cross-sectional design was employed, comprising three separate groups: 40 individuals with anorexia nervosa, 44 depressed and/or anxious individuals, and 78 university students. All participants completed the Eating Disorders Examination (either the interview or self-report format; Fairburn & Cooper, 1993; Fairburn & Beglin, 1994), the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI-S; Pedersen, 1994), and the Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S; Young, 1998). Significant between group differences emerged on all three measures, with the anorexic participants evidencing generally greater psychopathology. Not only did they score significantly higher than both control groups on the measure of disordered eating, but they also endorsed a greater number of maladaptive schemas. The schemas that showed the greatest differences included those purported to relate to perfectionism (e.g. ‘unrelenting standards’). In general, anorexic participants perceived their parents as less caring and more controlling than control participants. Significant correlations were revealed within each group, with the coefficients amongst the anorexic group being highly significant and generally stronger than those in the control groups. Significant predictors emerged from a regression analysis, but no mediating effects were found when data were subject to path analysis. The study’s hypotheses were partially met, in that faulty parenting and perfectionistic schemas differentiated anorexics from controls. However, it seems that perfectionistic schemas do not mediate between perceptions of parenting and disordered eating.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available