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Title: The effects of hostile sexism on collective action intentions : the roles of emotions and identification
Author: Lemonaki, Eleni
ISNI:       0000 0004 5355 084X
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2015
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The aim of the research reported in this thesis was to examine the way in which exposure to hostile sexism influences women‟s (competitive) collective action intentions, by investigating the mediating role of emotions and the moderating role of identification in this process. Experiments 1-2 (Chapter 2) examined the effect of hostile sexism on women‟s emotional reactions and readiness to engage in social competition. Results showed that exposure to hostile sexism had a positive indirect effect on social competition intentions through increased anger-frustration, and a negative indirect effect through decreased security-comfort. In an effort to understand why hostile sexism has divergent effects on social competition intentions, Experiment 3 (Chapter 3) tested whether the mediating role of emotion is moderated by identification with different female subtypes. Results showed that high (vs. low) identifiers with traditional women who were exposed to hostile sexism were more likely to experience lower levels of confidence-related emotions, and as a result were less motivated to engage in social competition. Although identification did not moderate the effect of hostile sexism on the experience of anger, increased anger was more likely to lead highly identified traditional women to form increased social competition intentions. Experiments 4-6 (Chapter 4) examined whether the divergent effects of hostile sexism on social competition intentions also apply to women‟s intentions to engage in collective action for parity. Results showed that hostile sexism had a positive indirect effect on collective action for parity intentions through anger, but not a negative indirect effect through confidence-related emotions. Overall, the findings of this thesis reveal important differences in the ways that hostile sexism influences women‟s intentions to compete with men, and highlight the importance of considering the specific content of gender identification, and the significance of identifying the specific goal of collective action when examining women‟s reactions to sexism.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: BF Psychology