Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.649290
Title: Switchable surfaces for regulating biomolecular and cellular interactions under complex biological conditions
Author: Lashkor, Minhaj
ISNI:       0000 0004 5354 1310
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
Stimuli-responsive surfaces that can regulate specific biomolecular interactions are enabling novel functionalities and new device designs for a variety of biological and medical applications. In this study two different mixed self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) were used to regulate biomolecular and cellular interactions under complex biological conditions. The first part of this study was based on a well-defined biotinylated mixed SAM with an ethylene glycol group that prevented non-specific binding and used an electrical stimulus to allow control over biomolecular interactions under complex biological matrixes. This SAM system, based on switchable oligopeptides, can be dynamically modulated by an electrical potential under different commonly used biological media, ranging from Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) to DMEM supplemented with fetal bovine serum (FBS) and zwitterionic buffering agents such as HEPES. The second study involved electrically switchable mixed SAMs that were shown to be capable of exposing and concealing the RGD cell adhesion motif, to dynamically regulate the adhesion of immune macrophage cells under complex biological conditions. Macrophage cell adhesion to biomaterial surfaces plays a key role in mediating immune response to foreign materials. This system is one of the first examples of a material surface system that can control macrophage cell adhesion on demand. Hence, this study will be useful in developing more realistic dynamic extracellular matrix models and is certainly applicable in a wide variety of biological and medical applications.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.649290  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering ; TP Chemical technology
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