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Title: Characterising geometric errors in rotary axes of 5-axis machine tools
Author: Jiang, Xiaogeng
ISNI:       0000 0004 5354 0406
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2015
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It is critical to ensure that a 5-axis machine tool is operating within its geometric tolerance. However, there are various sources of errors influencing its accuracy; testing them with current methods requires expensive equipment and long machine down time. This motivates the development of a simple and fast way to identify and characterise geometric errors of 5-axis machine tools. A method using a Double Ball Bar (DBB) is proposed to characterise rotary axes Position Independent Geometric Errors (PIGEs), which are caused by imperfections during assembly of machine components. An established method is used to test the same PIGEs, and the results are used to validate the developed method. The Homogeneous Transformation Matrices (HTMs) are used to build up a machine tool model and generate DBB error plots due to different PIGEs based on the given testing scheme. The simulated DBB trace patterns can be used to evaluate individual error impacts for known faults and diagnose machine tool conditions. The main contribution is the development of the fast and simple characterisation of the PIGEs of rotary axes. The results show the effectiveness and improved efficiency of the new methods, which can be considered for 5-axis machine tool maintenance and checking.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery