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Title: The relationship between alcoholism and depression
Author: Davidson, Kathleen Mary
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1992
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The aim of this study was to investigate one aspect of heterogeneity in alcoholism, namely depression. The effect of a current diagnosis of depression on drinking outcome was examined in a random sample of 82 male and female alcoholics attending an in-patient alcoholism treatment unit. Seventy-four alcoholics were followed-up over a five month period following discharge from hospital. In addition, the relationship between drinking outcome and mood and cognitive measures known to be associated with depression was explored. Diagnosis of depression was found to vary with drinking status: in the episode of drinking which led to admission, 67% of the sample met Research Diagnostic Criteria for major depression whereas only 13% met diagnostic criteria for major depression after detoxification from alcohol. Those with a diagnosis of depression after detoxification were more likely to have received treatment for depression, both during their in-patient stay and during follow-up than those with alcoholism alone. Nonetheless, those with an additional diagnosis of depression did not differ in drinking outcome from those with a diagnosis of alcoholism alone. Alcoholics who remained depressed after detoxification reported higher levels of hopelessness and frequency of negative thinking than non-depressed alcoholics. Depressed alcoholics were not differentiated, however, from their non-depressed counterparts on cognitive measures of dysfunctional attitudes, negative cognitive style and self-control. At first follow-up, those who were drinking alcohol, regardless of diagnosis, experienced greater hopelessness and frequency of negative thinking than those who were abstinent. By second follow-up, however, no differences were found between the groups on mood and cognitive measures.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available