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Title: The relationship between creativity and anomalous cognition in the ganzfeld
Author: Dalton, Kathy S.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1997
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In relating various measures of personality and cognitive style to enhanced psi performance, parapsychologists have consistently drawn parallels between creativity and extrasensory perception. Concepts such as intuition, dissociation, and openness are often used synonymously with, and as descriptors for, both creativity and psi. This thesis reviews studies suggesting a relationship between creativity and psi performance, and reports on the outcome of two meta-analyses of ganzfeld studies, the first presented in 1985 and the second in 1994. These meta-analyses suggest that there is a need for independent replication of the ganzfeld-psi findings, particularly that assessing the role of the sender in the ganzfeld. While the review of the creativity-psi literature clearly indicates the success of creative populations in free response work, it provides no explanation of the relationship, demonstrating a need for replication and extension of the creativity-psi research. Difficulties with the previous methods of conducting ganzfeld research are identified, as well as the various problems and methods associated with the measuring of creativity. The development of a more secure, prototypic automated ganzfeld testing system, using an improved dynamic target pool and presentation system, is presented and the creativity assessments used in the thesis described. Four experiments are conducted to explore the relationship between creativity and psi using this prototypic automated ganzfeld testing system. Experiment 1 describes a systematic comparison of the presence or absence of the sender in ganzfeld research, using a self-assessed creative population. Experiment 2 compares the ganzfeld-psi performance of two specific creative groups, musicians and visual artists, using both objective and subjective creativity measures. Experiment 3 compares the ganzfeld-psi performance of two more creative groups, actors and creative writers, again using both objective and subjective creativity assessments. Experiment 4 provides a comparison and contrast of creativity and psi performance variables for the four creative groups from experiments 2 and 3.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available