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Title: Automated reasoning with uncertainties
Author: Corrêa da Silva, Flávio S.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1993
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In this work we assume that uncertainty is a multifaceted concept which admits several different measures, and present a system for automated reasoning with multiple representations of uncertainty. Our focus is on problems which present more than one of these facets and therefore in which a multivalued representation of uncertainty and the study of its possibility of computational realisation are important for designing and implementing knowledge-based systems. We present a case study on developing a computational language for reasoning with uncertainty, starting with a semantically sound and computationally tractable language and gradually extending it with specialised syntactic constructs to represent measures of uncertainty, preserving its unambiguous semantic characterisation and computability properties. Our initial language is the language of normal clauses with SLDNF as the inference rule, and we select three facets of uncertainty, which are not exhaustive but cover many situations found in practical problems: vagueness, statistics and degrees of belief. To each of these facets we associate a specific measure: fuzzy measures to vagueness, probabilities on the domain to statistics and probabilities on possible worlds to degrees of belief. The resulting language is semantically sound and computationally tractable, and admits relatively efficient implementations employing α-β pruning and caching.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available