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Title: Pathogen diversity, epidemiology and control of sclerotinia disease in vegetable crops
Author: Warmington, Rachel Julie
ISNI:       0000 0004 5348 2314
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2014
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Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a necrotrophic fungal pathogen with a worldwide distribution and a wide host range, including many economically important crops. The control strategies for this pathogen and related species include using fungicides, biological control agents and cultural practices such as crop rotations. However, the genetic diversity and the long term survival structures (sclerotia) of this pathogen, combined with the recent discovery of the related species S. subarctica in England and the need for growers to implement integrated disease management strategies means that new control measures need to be sought. Biofumigation, using green manures which are macerated and ploughed into the soil, may be a useful new control approach in an integrated programme. Microcosm and in vitro experiments clearly showed that volatiles released from biofumigation crops have a direct inhibitory effect on the mycelial growth and carpogenic germination of S. sclerotiorum sclerotia. The most effective biofumigation crop for inhibiting carpogenic germination varied depending on whether the volatiles released from the biofumigant crops were in direct contact with the sclerotia when the most effective crop was Raphanus sativus ‘Terranova’, or in the vapour phase when the most effective crop was B. juncea ‘Vittasso’. Carrot root inoculations showed that the number of sclerotia produced on carrot roots was significantly affected by S. sclerotiorum isolate. However, the results also showed that the weight of individual sclerotia produced by different isolates was influenced by carrot accession, but not by S. sclerotiorum isolate. Additionally, the carrot plant and detached leaf inoculations showed significant differences in the rate of lesion progression of S. sclerotiorum on different carrot accessions, indicating differences in susceptibility to the pathogen. S. subarctica microsatellite haplotypes identified in this research were shown to be shared between Scotland and Norway, and between crop plants and meadow buttercup. However, the English population did not share any microsatellite haplotypes with any other population, and analysis indicated that this S. subarctica population in England may be isolated and inbred.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Horticultural Development Council (Great Britain)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QR Microbiology ; SB Plant culture