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Title: Air-fuel homogeneity effects on direct injection diesel engine performance emission
Author: Dimitriou, Pavlos
ISNI:       0000 0004 5348 060X
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2015
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The temporal and spatial distribution of fuel in cylinders is a key factor affecting the combustion characteristics and emission generation of a DI diesel engine. The airfuel mixing quality is critical for controlling ignition timing and combustion duration. Avoiding fuel-rich areas within the cylinder can significantly reduce soot formation as well as high local temperatures resulting in low NOx formation. The present investigation is focused on the effects of advanced fuel injections and air path strategies as well as the effects of piston geometry and fuel spray angle on air-fuel homogeneity, combustion process and their impacts on the performance and emission of the engine. A Ricardo Hydra single-cylinder engine in combination with AVL Fire CFD software was used in this investigation. An experimental analysis was conducted to assess the combustion characteristics and emissions formation of the engine under various injection strategies such as different injection timing, quantity, ratio, dwell angles between injections with various exhaust valve opening times and exhaust back pressures. A quan- titative factor named Homogeneity Factor (HF) was employed in the CFD code in order to quantify the air-fuel mixing and understand how the air-fuel homogeneity within the cylinder can influence the combustion and emissions of the engine. The investigation concludes that multiple injection strategies have the potential to reduce diesel emissions while maintaining meaningful fuel economy. Split injection can be used to improve the air-fuel mixture locally and control temperature generation during the start of combustion. Increased air-fuel homogeneity results in fewer fuel-rich areas within the cylinder and contributes to the reduction of soot emission. Extending the pre-mixed combustion phase has a direct effect on the reduction of soot formation while NOx generation is highly dependent on the scale of the primary fuel injection event.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TJ0751 Miscellaneous motors and engines Including gas ; gasoline ; diesel engines