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Title: Texture determination from ultrasound for HCP and cubic materials
Author: Lan, Bo
ISNI:       0000 0004 5367 9264
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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Crystallographic texture in polycrystalline HCP and cubic materials, often developed during thermomechanical deformations, has profound effects on properties at the macroscopic or component level. Given the respective natures of current detection techniques, a non-destructive, three-dimensional bulk texture detection method for these materials has not yet been developed. This thesis aims to achieve this goal through systematic studies on the relationship between ultrasonic wave velocity and texture. The feasibility of such development is firstly reviewed via the combination of computational and experimental studies on exemplary HCP materials. Numerical results obtained via a representative volume element (RVE) methodology reveal that the wave speed varies progressively and significantly with changing texture, and experimental ultrasound studies combined with EBSD characterisation demonstrate distinguished velocity profiles for samples with different textures. Thus the possibility of the development is demonstrated from these combined results. A novel convolution theorem is then presented, which couples the single crystal wave speed (the kernel function) with polycrystal orientation distribution function to give the resultant polycrystal wave speed function. Firstly developed on HCP and then successfully extended to general anisotropic materials, the theorem expresses the three functions as harmonic expansions thus enabling the calculation of any one of them when the other two are known. Hence, the forward problem of determination of polycrystal wave speed is solved for all crystal systems with verifications on varying textures showing near-perfect representation of the sensitivity of wave speed to texture as well as quantitative predictions of polycrystal wave speed. More importantly, the theorem also presents a solution to the long-standing inverse problem for HCP and cubic materials, with proof of principle established where groups of HCP and cubic textures are recovered solely from polycrystal wave velocities through the theorem and the results show good agreements with the original textures. Therefore the theorem opens up the possibility of developing a powerful technique for bulk texture measurement and wave propagation studies in HCP, cubic materials and beyond.
Supervisor: Dunne, Fionn; Siviour, Clive Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Alloys ; Metals and ceramics ; Mechanical engineering ; Materials engineering ; crystallographic texture ; ultrasound ; non-destructive testing ; wave propagation ; cubic