Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Parenting skills training as an intervention for tic disorders
Author: Evans, Gemma
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2014
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Tic disorders can have a significant emotional and social impact on children and their families. There is increasing support for the use of parenting programmes in childhood conditions; however research into the applicability of such programmes in tic disorders is limited. This thesis therefore aimed to investigate the topic of parenting interventions in tic disorders. The thesis presents five chapters, written as a series of self-contained papers and prepared in accordance with selected journal submission guidance. Paper 1 is a systematic literature review of the implementation and effectiveness of behavioural parent training programmes across neurodevelopmental disorders. Twenty-two randomised controlled studies were included in the review. Neurodevelopmental disorders included attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autistic spectrum conditions, intellectual difficulties and developmental disorders and tic disorders. Training programmes included Triple P, Barkley’s Defiant Children, Parent Child Interaction Therapy, New Forest Parenting, Parenting your Hyperactive Preschooler, Parents Plus Children, Preschoolers with Autism, Incredible Years and an idiosyncratic programme. Effects of interventions on child outcomes were examined alongside intervention characteristics and content. Results indicated robust evidence for effects of parent training on attention-deficit/hyperactivity difficulties and externalising difficulties, across neurodevelopmental disorders and training programmes. Evidence to support the effect of parent training on internalising, social and global difficulties across disorders was less robust, with fewer and inconsistent outcomes reported. Clinical and research implications resulting from the findings are discussed. Papers 2 and 3 present empirical studies. Both studies are Q-methodological investigations into opinions on parenting interventions in tic disorders. Q-methodology is a technique which enables participants’ subjective viewpoints to be grouped using by-person factor analysis. Views on the acceptability, effectiveness, feasibility and utility of parenting interventions were explored across parents of children with tic disorders (Paper 2) and professionals (Paper 3). Across both studies, seven main factors were identified (parents four, professionals three). Findings highlighted that interventions were generally considered acceptable, justified and perceived as needed. However, important differences in opinions were found within and between parent and professional groups, highlighting key clinical considerations for possible intervention format, delivery and content. Paper 4 provides a commentary of the clinical implications of these findings when the two studies are considered together, and provides guidance to further develop and implement interventions. Paper 5 presents a critical review, including discussion of the strengths, limitations and implications of the findings, alongside personal reflections on the research process.
Supervisor: Wittkowski, Anja; Trayner, Penny Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Tic disorder ; Parenting intervention ; Parenting ; Tourette ; neurodevelopmental disorder ; parent programme